The idea of discussing 6G technology might seem a little ridiculous, especially, when we have yet to fully deploy 5G technology. But, based on our current observations of an increasingly digitised, hyper-connected, data driven society, is it any wonder that excitement is brewing over 6G technology and its future implementation?
6G refers to the sixth generation of wireless technology that when launched, is meant to integrate more advanced features to the existing 5G system.
Well, to start off, the most important aspect of 6G technology is that it will bring better communication capabilities to the global community, which is needed in an era where the demand for digital engagement and data consumption continues to rise.
With 6G, THz technology (a characteristic of 6G) will allow for even wider bandwidth, which means, the possibility of receiving more data at faster rates. The implications are significant and would mean increased consumption of data because the technology could withstand the rise in demand. Due to its very high data rate and very low latency, many applications can make good use of 6G wireless networks.
According to recent reports, 6G technology will support government and industry solutions in critical asset protection and public safety. Solutions will include: facial recognition, health surveillance, threat detection, to name but a few.
Many technologically-advanced nations are beginning to have conversations about the future of 6G. The Japanese Government have announced that a comprehensive strategy is in place, and have set up a panel to begin analysis and discussion about the potential utilization of the technology.
Japan’s 6G panel will comprise of university researchers and private sector representatives, who will hear the opinions of those from a variety of industries, to discuss the potential challenges of the technology, from all perspectives. Discussing its future – in theory, will lay the foundation of research and development to enable countries like Japan to prepare their resources and infrastructure for 6Gs not-so imminent arrival. However, the discussion of potential disadvantages, will never come to light until the network is fully implemented. 6G technology will require a more efficient and energy-efficient system, which is essential to manage the large number of terminals and equipment needed for this next-level communication network.
Last year, the 6G Flagship Program was launched as the first 6G research program, led by the University of Oulu, Finland. In November 2019, China also announced their plans to carry out research activities to promote 6G analysis and development. This initial phase of investigation into 6G technology, is a proactive approach for nations to discuss how to leverage wireless communication beyond our current capabilities.