The year 2020 will go down in history as a defining one in the age of global telecommunications.
In the beginning, a sudden data explosion occurred.
The COVID-19 pandemic shook businesses, brands, and individuals to their core, but telcos around the world put their heads down and worked on meeting and preserving the rising demand for connectivity as citizens of the world took refuge indoors.
The first half of the year started out rocky to say the least, with operators taking a reactionary response to turn off fires as they came up; this patience paid off, however, and played into its favor to some extent, as investments into various technologies including the fifth generation of mobile networks widely expanded.
According to OpenVault Broadband Insights, Q1 of 2020 – the height of the pandemic – recorded a 47 percent spike in data consumption per average user; in Q2, when people started adapting to the new norm, that figure increased another 30 percent.
Then came another data explosion.
In what seemed like a domino effect, countries, operators, and businesses across the world started to announce the rollout of 5G services one-by-one; the telecoms race intensified, politics intervened, and deals were struck, while others were snubbed.
None could stop the unstoppable tidal wave of technological advancements coming to the forefront, as press releases and announcements filled the worldwide newswire.
The year 2020 will be remembered as the period that laid the foundation for the digital and telecom trends for the next decade, such was the speed and profound nature of the changes.
Let’s jump right in.
The rise of OpenRan
According to India telecoms provider, Simnovus, open radio access network (OpenRan) is unlike the conventional radio access network (RAN), since it enables telcos to custom design and implement 4G and 5G networks by integrating vendor-neutral software and hardware components.
This was a main benchmark for providers during 2020, as it allowed them to adopt this new-generation technology not only to speed up and expand their networks, but to reduce costs on multiple levels.
OpenRan provides carriers the ability to open their arsenal of software and hardware to multiple vendors, granting an unprecedented level of customization and exclusivity, which would subsequently increase innovation-based competition.
The 5G storm
Everyone has probably seen, heard, or read about companies commencing or boosting their 5G networks for commercial use, while others are aiming for the same goals by the end of 2021.
At the current pace the technology is going, 5G will account for as many as 1.2 billion connections by 2025, according to the GSMA. In parallel, the number of 5G smartphones is expected to more than double to 600 million in 2021, according to Strategy Analytics. And in 2022, nearly half of all phones will have 5G. It took an entire year longer for 4G LTE to reach the 50 percent mark, the firm said.
In other words, 2021 will be considered as the base year for the fifth-generation networks, allowing businesses, manufacturers, and tech giants to start experimenting with technologies – such as AI, IoT, VR, among others – that will be used increasingly during along the coming decade.
This will create services, products, and solutions that did not exist in 2020, and will be at the height of all telecom trends in 2021.
AI and ML take center stage
With that, 5G will look to champion and fuel the increased dependence on artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) into the network edge, paving the way for industries across the board to benefit from said advancements.
These innovative and evolving technologies will be the foundation stones of the next generation of wireless networks, disrupting industries in a fundamental way as they adopt new tech in order to cut costs, gain more precise data analytics, speed up production cycles, increase automation, and bring about a the dawn of smart cities.
In parallel, ML algorithms will allow telcos the ability to implement network slicing and beamforming, while AI-based algorithms will facilitate the development automated decision making using real-time data.
The wide net of mobile edge computing
A myriad of telcos have already kickstarted their projects to implement mobile edge computing to cater and receive the increasingly growing number of smartphones and Internet of Things (IoT)-powered devices.
Experts across the board hold a unanimous foresight that mobile edge computing will revolutionize the telecoms industry in 2021, since it will allow operators to bring data storage and computing even closer to users’ devices.
“In addition to reducing latency, edge computing will speed up the processing of real-time data collected and transmitted through connected devices. Many telecom companies are expected to diverse resources to mobile edge computing from a public cloud to store data locally,” a report by CB Insights explained.
A tidal wave of IoT
While IoT has been growing slowly under the radar, the disruptions of the global pandemic exploded its use and investment on the scene on almost all fronts.
As mentioned, 5G will be the fuel that powers all technological advancements, and IoT is no exception to that; this is primarily due to its ultrafast speed and ultralow latency, allowing devices to exchange and gather data almost instantaneously.
According to SecurityToday.com, every second—127 new IoT devices are connected to the web. During 2020—experts estimate the installation of 31 billion IoT devices. By 2021—35 billion IoT devices will be installed worldwide. By 2025—more than 75 IoT devices billion will be connected to the web.
While the pandemic was the main igniter of IoT’s explosion, the demand hike will continue to rise in a post-COVID world, especially with the rising trends of smart homes, cities, and factories.
However, for this technology to flourish, it demands the attention of telecom providers worldwide in expanding and upgrading their networks to handle massive data usage brought about by such devices, solutions, and application.
The smart city dream
The massive onslaught of IoT-powered devices fueled by 5G rollout will naturally catch the eye of politicians and policymakers around the world to start setting up smart cities.
With that, telecom operators will play an integral role in a trend of this magnitude; especially since it will serve as the backbone for smart city develop from managing services, assets, and resources efficiently by getting a large number of insights from a constant stream of real-time data.
This will bring about a new era of digital products and services for citizens to enjoy and experience.
Many experts and think tanks consider that telcos will open up their own smart city divisions to independently run such large-scale operations; while 2021 will not be the full-throttle year of smart cities, it will nonetheless set the foundation for it in the decades to come.
Expand, expand, expand!
2021 will be the year that changes the way we people work, as many organizations and educational institutions will start to accept and adapt to the norm of remote working and studying.
As such, the post-pandemic world will likely see a large proportion the worldwide workforce takes a step back from city life, and head elsewhere due to the nature of remote access. This will push providers to increase their coverage footprints across all territories to pave the way for workers and students alike to take advantage of this phenomenon.
Not only that, but the insistence of closing the digital divide has become a topic of heated debate and project for many governments and enterprises in an attempt to bring the power of the web to the most remote of places.
This will not only bring forth a new age of humankind but takes globalization into the future.