Self-driving cars were only a vision for scientists; however, seeing the first partly automated vehicles with various service systems on our roads has become a reality, So, how is 5G developed for autonomous vehicles?
Autonomous vehicles relying on 5G connectivity are being developed by companies worldwide.
Autonomous means that the car is entirely independent in responding to situations, including emergencies and making decisions, with no driver and no external intervention needed. Automated driving is employed to explain a procedure where a fully connected and intelligent road transport system is completed due to these capabilities. If you’re interested in autonomous driving, make sure to check about the first no human road test for trucks
While promoting a faster connection between transport systems, the 5G network will deliver new application options supporting the development of autonomous cars. They will be capable of making autonomous decisions in the future, but they will also cooperate and communicate.
Advantages of 5G for Autonomous Driving
Network slicing is one of the significant advantages of 5G, as it can be used to ensure low latencies required for autonomous vehicles. The wireless network is divided into virtual network levels.
One network level is utilized for automated driving, guaranteeing that safety-relevant notifications to 5G connected cars or 5G self-driving will not result in a traffic jam on the data highway.
Additional benefits include data processing and storage near the transport routes in data centers. Such “edge” data centers assure that data can be managed even faster in the network.
An autonomous car driving at a speed of 100 km/h would have crossed a mere 60 centimeters in that time. The network slicing and short transmission paths secure essential quality features of the 5G technology, such as low latencies and high bandwidths.
Tesla, the world’s most valuable car company, is proud that its new self-driving technology does not need a cellular connection. Musk claimed that one of the best things about FSD is that it does not need a cellular connection such as 4G, 5G, or even 3G.
“We offered it to people to see how it goes and then probably release it to more people in the future,” said Elon Musk, Tesla’s billionaire CEO of its new Full Self-Driving (FSD) service.
“And then just slowly step it up until we have a wide release by the end of this year,” he noted.
5G in Automotive Industry
Nowadays, millions of automobiles connect to cellular networks for real-time navigation, emergency services, and connected infotainment. However, new cellular networks like 5G will allow additional applications such as autonomous driving, Vehicle-2-Infrastructure (V2I), Vehicle-2-Vehicle (V2V).
Vehicle-2-Infrastructure: Communication standard that permits vehicles to communicate information with the elements that sustain a country’s highway system.
Vehicle-2-Vehicle (V2V): Communication allows vehicles to wirelessly swap information about their speed, location, and heading.
5G’s improved dependability, throughput, availability, and latency will allow new safety-sensitive applications, which are holistically known as V2V/V2I.
According to Gartner, the allocation of 5G-enabled cars actively linked to a 5G service will rise from 15 percent in 2020 to 74 percent in 2023, reaching 94 percent in 2028. The automotive industry will become the most critical market opportunity for 5G IoT solutions by 2023. It will represent 53 percent of the overall 5G IoT endpoint opportunity in that year.
5G technology in automotive has an impact that will obtain billions in sales to the automotive sector, but its influence will be felt even further.
According to Gartner, by 2035, 5G will also enable over $1.4 trillion in sales in automotive use sectors like agriculture, mining, construction, and transportation related to 5G automated vehicles.
Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X), backed by 5G, will undoubtedly play a vital function in enhancing traffic efficiency and decreasing crashes for customers. Speaking of preventing automated car crashes, U.S. forced all the companies to report the crashes.
V2V communication, for instance, authorizes vehicles to perceive obstacles beyond the line of sight.
V2X is a communication system that enhances the transfer of information from a vehicle to parts of the traffic system that may affect the vehicle. The purpose of this technology is to enhance road safety, traffic efficiency on the roads, and energy savings.
This could be transmitted through video information between cars and shared knowledge from pedestrians and infrastructure. Morgan Stanley thinks this could save an estimated $500 billion from accident avoidance.
With the advancement in Industry 4.0 and IoT, the industry is looking forward to the future of connected and autonomous vehicles, including autonomous cars 5G.
New business models will come into reality, which will elevate the development of numerous extreme services. The assurance of 5G technology has renewed our vision because it gets ultra-high-speed data transfer and low latency, which means faster reaction times and better dependability.
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